Scoliosis is a fairly common condition affecting the curvature and overall health of the spine. A healthy spine moves from the neck down to the waist in a straight line that gently curves at the middle of the body, forming a small hump. Spinal cords that have been affected by scoliosis curve in different directions, generally from one side of the back to the other.
About three in 100 Americans have scoliosis, though the severity of the condition can differ considerably. Many individuals may never receive an official scoliosis diagnosis, while others must undergo surgery to correct pain and other physically debilitating effects. Though idiopathic scoliosis, the most prominent type, is thought to have genetic origins, doctors do not fully understand what causes the condition. Fortunately, there are several effective forms of treatment when it comes to dealing with scoliosis.
For some, the wait-and-see approach is the ideal way to manage scoliosis. Orthopaedic surgeons will review the condition and determine whether or not intervention is necessary. Should scoliosis demand immediate action, a popular treatment regimen involves a combination of physical therapy and back-brace support. Should a brace fail to correct spinal curvature, individuals may need to consider surgery.